How to diversify your portfolio

If you’ve taken the time to learn about different investments and are starting to invest your money, that’s great! But are you finding that your investments are not doing as well as you thought they would? It may be that you’re relying on just one investment and not diversifying enough, or even at all. Let’s talk about how you can diversify and potentially grow your wealth better.

What is diversification?

Diversification is the process of spreading out your money amongst several different assets. This way, you don’t rely on one single investment for your portfolio.

Why should I diversify?

When you invest your money, you’ll always have some sort of investment risk. While you can never completely get rid of these risks, you can try to minimize them.

By diversifying and putting your money into a number of different types of investments, you can lessen the risk that any one investment can cause a substantial loss to your portfolio. Diversification is the best way to make sure you don’t risk a lot of your money on one investment.

By diversifying your investments across stocks, bonds, and other assets, your investments will hopefully balance each other out in times when certain investments aren’t doing well. For example, when the stock market is falling, bond prices are rising. This means, if you hold not just stocks, but also bonds, then you aren’t at risk to as much volatility as if you only owned stocks.

Let’s look at an example of diversification

Let’s say you have your money invested in stocks, bonds, and a savings account. Unfortunately, the stock market doesn’t do so well, and you lose money on those investments. If you had invested in stocks only, you would have lost money overall. But since you invested in bonds and a savings account, your total portfolio actually made money overall.


How to diversify your portfolio

Ways to diversify

There are a wide variety of investment options out there to choose from. Hopefully you can see now that it’s important to not just pick one investment type and stick with it, but instead diversify your money across different types of investments. Here are some different types of investments you can choose from to diversify your portfolio.

  • Stocks – represent ownership in a single company
  • Stock indices – track many different stocks in one single investment
  • Exchange traded funds - an easily tradable investment group of stocks, bonds, and/or other investments all rolled into one
  • Mutual funds - managed by professional fund managers that allow anyone to invest with a minimum investment amount
  • Bonds - debt in a company or government
  • Savings accounts - safe investments that pay interest on your deposits

Diversification can reduce your risk of losing a large amount of your portfolio at one time, by spreading out your risk so that you’re less likely to suffer a major loss.

Make sure you do proper research before making any investments and consult with professional financial advisors.

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